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Danielle Rishell » AP Language and Composition

AP Language and Composition

AP English, Language and Composition


Course Description (

The AP English Language and Composition course focuses on the development and revision of evidence-based analytic and argumentative writing, the rhetorical analysis of nonfiction texts, and the decisions writers make as they compose and revise. Students evaluate, synthesize, and cite research to support their arguments. Additionally, they read and analyze rhetorical elements and their effects in nonfiction texts —including images as forms of text— from a range of disciplines and historical periods.


“Big Ideas” or “Enduring Understandings” of the Course (

  • RHETORICAL SITUATION (RHS) Individuals write within a particular situation and make strategic writing choices based on that situation. 
  • CLAIMS AND EVIDENCE (CLE) Writers make claims about subjects, rely on evidence that supports the reasoning that justifies the claim, and often acknowledge or respond to other, possibly opposing, arguments. 
  • REASONING AND ORGANIZATION (REO) Writers guide understanding of a text’s lines of reasoning and claims through that text’s organization and integration of evidence. 
  • STYLE (STL) The rhetorical situation informs the strategic stylistic choices that writers make.